African Presidents who have been Indicted by the ICC

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Africans Presidents are on the
warpath. The International Criminal Court is accused of targeting only
Africans. The Netherlands based Court has only indicted Africans. On 12 October
2013, a resolution was passed by the African Union (AU) that no sitting African
Head of State should be tried by the court while in office. AU, in the meeting
called to discuss the relationship between Africa and ICC, asked the Court to
postpone the trial of Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta. Kenyan Deputy President
William Ruto is also indicted by ICC. If the request is declined by the Court
then Uhuru has the option of not attend the proceedings. The African leaders did
not however give prominence On the plight of the post-election victims. The
question remains: will the post elections victims in Kenya ever get justice? Here
are Africans leaders who have been indicted by the ICC.
Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta
Indicted: 8 March 2011
The 4th President of
the Republic of Kenya, Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta, is the second sitting head of
state to be indicted by the ICC after Omar Al-Basir.  According to the ICC website, Mr Kenyatta is
allegedly criminally responsible as an indirect co-perpetrator pursuant to
article 25(3)(a) of the Rome Statute for the crimes against humanity of: murder
(article 7(l)(a)); deportation or forcible transfer (article 7(l)(d) ;  rape (article 7(l)(g));  persecution (articles 7(l)(h)); and other
inhumane acts (article 7(l)(k)). Mr. Uhuru, who was then a Mwai Kibaki
presidential bid, is accused of being the planning, coordinating and financier
during post elections violence against the supporters of the rival Orange
Democratic Movement party that occurred in 27 December 2007 to 29 February
2008. The incumbent president is alleged to have the overall control of the
dreaded Mungiki sect that perpetrated acts of murders, deportations, sexual
violence including rape, persecutions in Nakuru, Naivasha, Kibera and Kisumu. The
prosecution has an uphill task after some of the witnesses who were to testify
against Uhuru have since withdrawn further weakening the case against the
president. Mohammed Ali and Francis Muthaura who were charged alongside Uhuru
Kenyatta cases have been dismissed by the Pre-Trial Chamber II on 23 January
2012.
Laurent Gbagbo
Indicted: 23 November 2011
Laurent Gbagbo is accused of
coordinating the National Security Forces, National Armed Forces, Militias and
mercenaries on acts of murder, rape and persecutions on perceived supporters of
his opponent Allasane Outtara in the 2010 presidential elections. The then
president of Côte d’Ivoire was deposed from power by loyalist of Outtara with
the help of the France army and detained on 11 April 2011 in the presidential
residence. Confirmation of charges against Gbagbo took place 19 to 28 February
2013 in the ICC Pre-Trial Chamber. Supporters of Gbagbo accuse Outtara, the
incumbent president, of being the behind the murders. The wife of Laurent
Gbagbo, Simone Gbagbo is also indicted on four counts of crimes against
humanity. 
Omar al-Bashir
Indicted: 4 March 2009
He is the first sitting head of
state to be indicted by the ICC on two counts of war crimes and five counts of
crimes against humanity regarding the situation in Darfur, Sudan on 4 March
2009. Additional three charges of genocide were preferred against Omar
al-Bashir on 12 July 2003. It is alleged that the Northern Sudan head of state
used state apparatus to unleash terror to Fur, Masalit and Zaghawa populace
that were seen to be leaning towards the rebels. Al-Bashir is accused of
ordering the military, police and the dreaded Janjaweed forces to rape,
exterminate, forcible displacement, and torturing of innocent civilians. The
ICC has issues two arrest warrants for North Sudan president. During the
special AU summit that was convened on the request of Kenya, North Sudan was
one of the African countries that called for the mass withdrawal of member
states from the Rome Statute. His movements have been curtailed although he has
been able to travel to countries like Kenya, Chad, Djibouti and Malawi that are
signatories to the Rome Statute without being arrested.
Muammar Gaddafi
Indicted: 27 June 2011
Muammar Gaddafi reign in power
was destabilized with a popular revolution akin to that in Tunisia and Egypt.
The then leader of Libya responded by unleashing terror on Civilians to
suppress the popular uprising using the Revolutionary Guard, National police,
Libyan Armed Forces and other state apparatus. 
An all-out civil war broke out in Libya and hundreds lost their lives in
Misrata, Derna, Benghazi, Bayda, Ajdabiya and Tripoli cities. His case was
terminated by the Court on 22 November 2011. Muammar Gaddafi was brutally
murdered on 30 October 2011 in the Libyan city of Sirte with rebel fighters.
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